The northern neighbours of France are Belgium and Luxembourg. French is one of the different languages spoken in the two countries. Belgium is currently facing a bilingual problem, because the two main nations - Flemish and Walloons - are increasingly considering independence. On the other hand, the country is the European Union and North Atlantic Treaty Organisation (NATO) headquarters in Europe.
Belgium lies on the Atlantic coast. Most of the territory are lowlands and lower hills. In the East, on the border with Germany, lies the Ardennes mountain range. The climate is influenced by the Atlantic Ocean, therefore the Maas and Scheldt Rivers are rich in water throughout the year.
In the past, Belgium was involved in metallurgy and heavy engineering (for example weapons production), but after it stopped mining own mineral resources, these industries are no longer in the forefront. The electro-technical industry and consumer electronics stands out nowadays. Very well-known is the grinding of diamonds, production of quality chocolate, flowers and production of lace. In agriculture, livestock production is considerably larger than the country’s plant production.
Flanders, which occupies the northern part of Belgium, is its wealthier region. The largest city in this area is the port of Antwerp - one of Europe's major ports. There are also well known old cities: Bruges and Ghent. Wallonia, in the south of the country, was mainly focused on heavy industry and after changes is more affected by economic issues. The largest city in the south of the state is Liége.