Ireland
Capital: Dublin
Area: 70 273 km²
Population: 4 588 252

Ireland

In the past, the whole of Ireland was part of the United Kingdom. Most of the island became independent in the 20s of the 20th century and created the Republic of Ireland. Ireland was mostly agricultural, but its land was not particularly fertile. Therefore, animal production is predominant, which is similar to United Kingdom for breeding cattle, sheep, and horses. The small representation of industry has been the cause for emigration in the past (mainly in the 19th century). Irish fled mostly to the United Kingdom and the United States.

Economy

After the country's accession to the European Union, the economic orientation of the country changed significantly. Industry ceased to be focused only on the processing of agricultural products but began to develop more modern sectors. The electro-technical industry and production played the crucial role, specifically consumer electronics, such as computers and their components. The production of alcohol stands out among the country’s traditional industries, such as beer (the famous brand is Guinness) or whisky (a famous brand is Jameson).

Population

The inhabitants of Ireland speak English, however they belong to a small language group of Celtic. Members of the Celtic language group also live in Wales, on the Norman islands near the French coast and in Brittany in the north-west of France.

Interesting facts

Ireland is often referred to as a green island because of its green countryside and pastures.

The Irish symbol is a trifoliate cloverleaf, or shamrock (sometimes, the four-leaf clover is mentioned as a symbol of luck) as an expression of unity of three pillars of Christian faith - the Father, the Son, and the Holy Spirit.
The Four Courts building: home to Ireland's Supreme Court in Dublin The Four Courts building: home to Ireland's Supreme Court in Dublin
Fishing house on the Aran Islands, on the West coast of Ireland Fishing house on the Aran Islands, on the West coast of Ireland
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Moher Cliffs located in the county of Clare in West Ireland Moher Cliffs located in the county of Clare in West Ireland
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Gallarus Oratory on the Dingle Peninsula in Ireland Gallarus Oratory on the Dingle Peninsula in Ireland
The United Kingdom is the home of many personalities of modern (popular) music. Most probably, this is related to the use of English as a universal language for this kind of music. Similarly, Italian is the universal language of the opera. However, as far as typical national music is concerned, Ireland is quite exceptional. Traditions, originating with the predecessors of the present-day Irish, the Celts, have survived to modern times.
How is Ireland known?
Celts; beer (Guinness) and whiskey; sheep and horses; traditional music and dance, many modern musical artists, such as U2 and Cranberries.