In the past, the whole of Ireland was part of the United Kingdom. Most of the island became independent in the 20s of the 20th century and created the Republic of Ireland. Ireland was mostly agricultural, but its land was not particularly fertile. Therefore, animal production is predominant, which is similar to United Kingdom for breeding cattle, sheep, and horses. The small representation of industry has been the cause for emigration in the past (mainly in the 19th century). Irish fled mostly to the United Kingdom and the United States.
After the country's accession to the European Union, the economic orientation of the country changed significantly. Industry ceased to be focused only on the processing of agricultural products but began to develop more modern sectors. The electro-technical industry and production played the crucial role, specifically consumer electronics, such as computers and their components. The production of alcohol stands out among the country’s traditional industries, such as beer (the famous brand is Guinness) or whisky (a famous brand is Jameson).
The inhabitants of Ireland speak English, however they belong to a small language group of Celtic. Members of the Celtic language group also live in Wales, on the Norman islands near the French coast and in Brittany in the north-west of France.
Ireland is often referred to as a green island because of its green countryside and pastures.
Celts; beer (Guinness) and whiskey; sheep and horses; traditional music and dance, many modern musical artists, such as U2 and Cranberries.