The Netherlands can be described as Europe's lowest-lying country. A large part of the coast is formed by deltas of rivers Rhine, Maas, and Scheldt, which are very interconnected. The original forests have been eroded in the past. Some areas of the state are so low that dikes, dams and floodgates were built in order not to overwhelm these area when there is only a slight increase in sea level. Netherlands acquired not the most fertile but acceptable agricultural land by damming and drying parts of the sea in the inland, called polders. This "fight with the sea" has lasted for several centuries. Otherwise, there are favourable natural conditions: surface, mild temperature, enough rainfall. Together with the advantageous position it leads to high population density. Netherlands is one of the smallest countries in Europe and in the World.
In agriculture there is a predominance of animal production, such as cattle breeding for milk. Dutch dairy products, especially cheese, are very famous in the world. The plant production has good conditions for growing potatoes and foraging, but The Netherlands is known mainly for flower production. The tulip is one of the symbols of the country.
Netherlands is also accustomed to be referred to as the windmill landscape. Wind really helps in production of electricity, but a major share belongs to the gas-fired power plants. Natural gas is produced from petroleum reservoirs beneath the North Sea and it is one of the few natural resources that Netherlands has. Netherlands mostly imports natural resources, for example bauxite is used for aluminium production, and petroleum is used for fuels production. The Shell brand is a common UK-Dutch multinational oil and gas company with headquarters in Netherlands. Holland is also known in electro-technical industry. Philips has headquarters in the city of Amsterdam and it represents a wide range consumer electronics. It has a great tradition of importing cocoa beans and the production of cocoa powder.
The two largest cities: Amsterdam (is the capital city) and Rotterdam have a different importance. Amsterdam is important for services, tourist attractions, for example by lifting bridges in the historic city centre. Rotterdam is located near the delta of the Rhine, which conditioned the creation of the largest port in Europe. Rotterdam is industrial and the Transport Centre of the country.
Country of tulips, windmills, wooden shoes, polders, bicycles and museums; the famous Edam cheese and Gouda; Philips brand; painters Rembrandt, Rubens, van Gogh; Orange colour - The mark used especially in sports.